Decode The Terms In Formula 1 Racing

Here are some of the most basic terms of Formula 1 that we should know when having the opportunity to witness the racing in April.

Formula 1

Formula 1 – Formula 1 racing or commonly abbreviated to F1 in the name of the race refers to a series of regulations of the International Automobile Federation (FIA) that all participants and vehicles must comply with, for example, such as the atmospheric engine up to 4,500 cm³. Meanwhile, Formula 2 – Formula 2 (lower segment) is defined for the type of suction motor with a capacity of up to 2,000 cm³.


The basic principle is that the lighter the vehicle is, the faster it will take advantage of the launch speed, so to ensure fairness for the tournament, the cars with the driver who do not have the minimum weight as required will be mounted. Add “kick” ballast to the ca

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Decode The Terms In Formula 1 Racing

“Rock” ballast is attached to the vehicle when not enough weight

According to the latest regulations of  Formula 1 racing from 2019, the total weight of both people and cars has increased to 740 kg, in which the weight of the steering wheel and seats must reach a minimum of 80 kg. This change in weight requirements makes some riders “a little easier” because they had to plan to lose weight before each race, to ensure the total weight of people and vehicles does not exceed the regulations.


The  Formula 1 racing is not only a speed show of a single racer but also a place to show the smooth coordination of team members in the pit-stop area. Pit-stop is simply understood as a technical stop, where the drivers quickly put the “million-dollar driver” into changing tires and immediately return to the track. 

When the time in seconds is a prerequisite for deciding whether to win or lose, each team has the faster tire change speed, the more advantage. The number of technical support staff who are always ready to “fight” at the pit-stop is about 20 people.

Decode The Terms In Formula 1 Racing

Pit-stop- where the team spirit of the teams is best demonstrated, and also contributes to the driver’s final victory.

The record for completing the fastest pit-stop now belongs to the Red Bull team when they completed the process of entering the Max Verstappen pit in 1.82 seconds at the 2019 Brazilian Grand Prix 2019.

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Practice, Qualifying and Race

If you’re wondering why an F1 race usually takes 3 days, the answer is this:

Day 1: Practice day (Practice) consists of two mornings and afternoons, each session lasts 1 hour 30 minutes.

Day 2: Qualifying race lasts about 1 hour and is divided into 3 parts: Q1, Q2, Q3, deciding the starting position of the drivers on the official racing day.

This part allows the racer to run as many lapses as he wants, as long as he allows.

Day 3: Official Race Day (Race)

This is the official race day to decide the “throne” of the participating teams with the climax of the most intense speed embankments.

In some countries, the racing schedule may be changed slightly. For example, at the Monaco Grand Prix, the training day begins on Thursday to give riders time to rest on Friday. Or the official race in Singapore 2008 and Bahrain 2014 took place in the evening instead of the afternoon as usual.

In Vietnam – the upcoming Formula 1 VinFast Vietnam Grand Prix will take place on Friday, Saturday and Sunday from April 3 to April 5, 2020.

The 107% law

On the first lap (Q1) of the qualifying day, any driver who fails to complete the lap within a maximum of 107% of the race record’s fastest lap record for the fastest lap (1) Q1) will not be allowed to participate in the official race. 

However, in some special cases, the race umpire (steward) may still allow this.


In the most prestigious race in the world, operation and safety are always the first priority. Marshals are volunteers/executives – who will be in charge of many roles throughout the race, for example in charge of racing cars, in charge of the stands to make sure the audience does not endanger themselves and the riders, helping to get the car and the driver out of trouble, an accident off the track or waving a flag to notify the status of the steering wheel. At the upcoming Formula 1 VinFast Vietnam Grand Prix in April 2020, there will be about 1,000 marshals selected and trained by the world’s leading experts from the Australian Motor Vehicle Federation (CAMS).


A pennant system (Flag) used in  Formula 1 racing, each color and number of pennants will convey a different message.

When the green flag is waved, the drivers will understand that the danger is over and can return to the track normally.

For example, when a yellow flag is raised, the riders will understand that there is a danger on the track, required to slow down and not overtake. When the yellow flag is fluttered at the same time, it means the race is in trouble, rescuers are on the track to handle, so the riders must not overtake each other. Yellow and red-flagged flags indicate a problem with the surface of the track, which may cause slippery driving. On the contrary, when the green flag is fluttered, the drivers can understand that the danger zone is over and can continue playing normally. The blue flag is raised when the last driver is caught by the first driver in the race (leading more than 1 lap), which means the last driver must give way and do not take any action to obstruct the hand. The first race to pass.

It is the combination of modern technology – precision – discipline and time-based ticking that make the appeal for  Formula 1 racing – the most expensive speed race on the planet.

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